Dictionary of Football Terms: A to Z Comprehensive Complete List of Football Terms
Football is a sport followed passionately by millions of people around the world. Full of goal kicks, offsides, penalties and unforgettable goals, this game brings millions together. It’s a stage where every pass represents a story, every tackle a masterstroke. In every moment of this exciting game, there are not only commonly known terms, but also some lesser-known soccer terms.
In order to understand the in-game dynamics on the soccer field, it’s important to master sometimes unusual or little-heard terms. In this article, we’ll take a look at some obscure soccer terms that will surprise soccer fans and expand their knowledge. Here is a comprehensive list of soccer terms, including modern soccer terms and slang soccer terms.
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Commonly Known Football Terms
Commonly known soccer terms are the language not only of the players on the pitch, but also of the fans. Terms such as offside, penalty, hat-trick allow spectators to understand the complexity and excitement of the game. Terms like goalkeeper clearance, dribbling, tackle emphasize the strategic and technical elements of the game. These terms represent that soccer is a universal language and a unique sporting experience where people of all ages and cultures find common ground.
Here are some commonly known soccer terms:
What is a Hat-Trick?
A hat-trick is when a soccer player scores three goals in the same match. This achievement highlights the player’s scoring abilities and contribution to the score. A hat-trick is often considered one of the most memorable moments in a player’s career.
What is an assist?
An assist is the pass a soccer player makes just before a goal. It is when a player makes a successful pass or contribution to a teammate as part of their play in a match. Assists are one of the important statistics to measure and evaluate the performance of players who are instrumental in the team’s offensive strategies.
What is Offside?
Offside is when a soccer player is in a position closer to the ball than the player who made the final pass. A player is offside if he is closer to the ball than the opponent’s goal line at the moment of play. Offside is a rule that is applied to give the player an advantage over the opposing defense and to make the game fairer.
What is a Penalty?
A penalty is a special type of kick used on the football field as a result of a penalty decision made by the referee, 11 meters from the goal line and between the goal posts. Penalties are usually awarded when a player is only facing the opposition goalkeeper or when a defender commits an infringement in the penalty area.
What is a yellow card?
A yellow card is a warning issued by the referee for undisciplined behavior of a player in a football match. This card is shown as a result of a minor infringement of a rule, unsportsmanlike conduct or other undisciplined behavior of the player. A yellow card received by a player on the soccer field increases the risk of the player being shown a red card for another similar infraction in the same match.
What is a Red Card?
A red card is a serious punishment given to a player by the referee for a serious infringement of rules, unsportsmanlike conduct or repeated indiscipline on the football pitch. When a player is shown a red card, he is immediately sent off and his team is forced to play the rest of the match with an incomplete squad. A red card is shown when a player has uncontrolled control of the game or poses a serious danger to opposition players.
What is a Front Libero?
A front libero is a footballer position that usually plays in the midfield area and performs defensive duties. With high playmaking skills, the front libero provides the team’s defensive resistance. When he wins the ball, he takes on the task of starting the offense quickly. This position acts as a bridge between the defense and midfield. It helps the team to establish an effective balance between defense and offense. The front libero is an important player who directs team play, steals and distributes the ball.
What is an Aut?
Aut refers to a situation where the ball goes out of the field. In this case, the last contact of the ball must not have been made by a player of the team. In this case, the opposing team is given the chance of a throw-in or corner kick. An sending off is a stoppage of play and can give the opposing team an advantage.
What is a Goalkeeper Exit?
A goalkeeper coming out of his own goal to prevent an attack or interfere with the ball.
What is Average?
Average is a statistical term used to rank teams in case of a points tie or to measure a team’s performance. It refers to the difference between the number of goals scored and conceded by a team. It is called goal average or points average. For example, if two teams have equal points in a league, the team with the higher goal average is usually ranked higher.
What is Dribbling?
Dribbling, in team sports such as soccer, refers to a player’s ability to control the ball to dribble past the opposing defense. The player tries to dribble the ball over opposing players by dribbling, dribbling with their feet, dribbling or using quick and agile movements. Dribbling is considered an important skill for players to improve their technical skills and effectiveness in attack.
What is a Stopper?
A stopper is a player position in the middle of the defense on a football field, who takes on the defensive duties of the team. The stopper has the responsibility of stopping opposing attackers, moving the ball away from the defensive line and protecting the team’s goal. This position is usually occupied by players known for their physical strength, air ball dominance and strategic defensive skills.
What is a tackle?
A tackle is the technique by which a player can trickily and quickly dribble past an opposing player while in possession of the ball. It is a movement that requires technical skill, speed and agility, and provides an offensive advantage by bypassing the opposing defense. The various tackling techniques on the soccer field give players the opportunity to showcase their creativity and skill.
What is the penalty area?
The penalty area is defined by large semicircles drawn with a radius of 16.5 meters at each end of the football field. These areas extend to the long sidelines between the two goal lines. In the game, the penalty area is often a strategic area where defenders are particularly vigilant, identifying penalties and dangerous attacks on the goal.
What is a throw-in?
A throw-in is a type of pass used on a soccer field when the ball goes out of play. The ball is put back into the boundaries of the pitch and play continues. The throw-in provides an opportunity to get the ball back into play quickly.
What is marking?
Marking is a soccer player’s attempt to keep a close eye on an opposing player to prevent him from making an effective play. Defenders often use marking to try to limit the movement of opposing forwards or midfielders.
What is a striker?
A striker refers to the attacking players in a soccer team. Their main task is to score goals for the opposition. Players who are fast, skillful and stand out with their goal-kicking abilities play in the striker position.
What is a dam?
A barrage is a human wall on a football pitch formed by defenders who try to intercept the ball during a free kick or corner kick. These players form the barrage in order to make it difficult for the ball to be directed towards the goal or to block the shot of opposing players.
What is a Golden Goal?
The term “golden goal” refers to a rule used especially in older tournaments. If a team scored a golden goal in extra time, i.e. at the end of normal time in extra time, that team was considered to have won the game. However, this rule was later abandoned in many tournaments.
What is a quarterback?
A playmaker is one of the midfielders on a football team. He is the player who organizes the team’s play, distributes the ball and initiates attacks.
What is a clearance?
A clearance is when goalkeepers kick or kick the ball out of the area with their hands or feet. It is usually used near the goal line or in dangerous set-piece situations.
What is a control pass?
A control pass is when a player controls the ball and passes it slowly to a friend. This pass reduces the pace of the game and helps the team to move forward in a controlled manner.
What is a free kick?
A free kick is a free kick awarded as a result of a violation of the rules during the game. These kicks can be taken directly into the goal when taken from outside the penalty area.
What is a fullback?
Full-backs are players who usually play on the edges of the defense line. They have two different positions: right-back and left-back. In addition to their defensive role, they are also active in attack.
What is an indirect free kick?
Indirect free kicks are free kicks that are awarded for infringements of the rules. However, the ball is not allowed to go directly into the goal; it must touch another player.
What is Attack/Defense?
Attack refers to a team’s offense towards the opponent’s goal, while defense refers to a team’s task of protecting its own goal and preventing opponent attacks.
What is a fixture?
A fixture is a list or plan containing the order and schedule of a sporting competition. In soccer, it refers to the order in which teams will play each other.
What is a kick-off?
The kick-off refers to the kick-off of a soccer match. It is when a team kicks the ball from the midfield spot at the start of the match.
What is a six-pass?
A six-pass refers to the 6-yard (approximately 5.5 meters) zone on the goal line. This zone refers to situations that are close to the goal line and that are considered fouls for exits from this area.
These terms only scratch the surface of the game of soccer and there are many more specific terms. The dynamics of soccer, together with the wealth of terms, make up the fascinating and complex structure of the game.
Let’s take a look at the world of soccer terms that are not commonly used and not widely known.
11 Not Commonly Known Soccer Terms
- Panenka: During a penalty kick, the player kicks the ball slowly at medium height and in the center of the goal, usually unnoticed by the goalkeeper.
- Rabona: A stylish kicking technique in which the player kicks the ball with the other leg from behind his own leg.
- Trivela: When a player kicks the ball from the outside using his inside leg and draws a curved path for the ball.
- Cruyff Turn: A technique in which a player kicks the ball with his right foot, then moves his foot out of the way of the ball and touches the ball with his left foot to pass the defender.
- Sombrero: When a player lifts the ball in the air and passes it over an opposing player.
- Regista: A midfielder, usually a type of footballer whose role is to play in depth and direct the team’s offense.
- False Nine: A deviation from the style of play of a traditional center back, playing further back and joining the midfield.
- Under Goal Position: Goal positions on the goal line, close to the goal.
- Tiki-Taka: A strategy of quick turnovers and short passes to set up play.
- Gegenpressing: The tactic of winning the ball back by quickly pressuring the opponent when the ball is lost.
- Panthera Tactic: When the team is defending, the defensive line plays in a high line and in a unified manner.
These are special soccer terms that are deep in the world of soccer and perhaps not widely known to the general public. Such terms can be interesting for those who want to understand the intricacies of the game.